POLI 727
Tuesdays, 3:30-6:20 pm, Phillips 220, Spring 2015

Prof. Frank R. Baumgartner
313 Hamilton Hall, phone 962-0414
Web site: http://www.unc.edu/~fbaum/

Office hours: M,T,W 2:30-3:30 pm and by appointment

Click here for the syllabus

Readings are below. Let me know if any links do not work...

Week 1.  Jan 13

Week 2.  Jan 20
Definitions from public policy, IR, comparative politics, sociology, and communications. Questions.

Stone, Deborah A.  1989. Causal Stories and the Formation of Policy Agendas. Political Science Quarterly 104, 2 (Summer): 281–300.
Haas, Peter M. 1992. Introduction. Epistemic Communities and International Policy Coordination.   International Organization 46 (1): 1-35.
Hall, Peter A.  1993. Policy Paradigms, Social Learning, and the State: The Case of Economic Policymaking in Britain. Comparative Politics 25: 275–96.
Schneider, Anne, and Helen Ingram. 1993.  Social Construction of Target Populations: Implications for Politics and Policy.  American Political Science Review 87 (2): 334–47.
Entman, R. M.  1993.  Framing: Towards Clarification of a Fractured Paradigm.  Journal of Communication 43 (4): 51–58.
Benford, Robert D., and David A. Snow.  2000.  Framing Processes and Social Movements: An Overview and AssessmentAnnual Review of Sociology 26: 611-39.
Campbell, John L. 2002.  Ideas, Politics, and Public Policy.  Annual Review of Sociology 28: 21-38.

Week 3.  Jan 27
Cognitive basics. Questions.

Tversky, Amos, and Daniel Kahneman. 1973.  Judgment under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases.  Science 185 (4157): 1124-31.
Simon, Herbert A.  1985. Human Nature in Politics: The Dialogue of Psychology with Political Science. American Political Science Review 79: 293–304.
Slovic, Paul.  1987.  Perception of Risk.  Science 236 (4799): 280-85.
Quattrone, George A., and Amos Tversky.  1988.  Contrasting Rational and Psychological Analyses of Political Choice.  American Political Science Review 82, 3 (Sept.): 719–736.
Baumeister, Roy F., Ellen Bratslavsky, Catrin Finkenauer, and Kathleen D. Vohs. 2001. Bad Is Stronger Than Good. Review of General Psychology 5: 323-370. [ok to skim this one]
Druckman, James N.  2004.  Political Preference Formation: Competition, Deliberation, and the (Ir)relevance of Framing Effects.  American Political Science Review 98 (4): 761–86.
Dijksterhuis, Ap.  2004.  Think Different: The Merits of Unconscious Thought in Preference Development and Decision Making.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 87 (5):  586–98.
Graham, Jesse, Jonathan Haidt, and Brian A. Nosek.  2009.  Liberals and Conservatives Rely on Different Sets of Moral Foundations.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 96, 5: 1029–46.

Note:  One-page memo due describing your term paper topic in conceptual terms and a general idea of the empirical / theoretical approach, relevant literature, and your goals in it (article project, MA thesis idea, PhD idea, etc.).

Week 4.  Feb 3
Motivated reasoning . Questions.

Lord, Charles G., Lee Ross, and Mark R. Lepper. 1979.  Biased Assimilation and Attitude Polarization: The Effects of Prior Theories on Subsequently Considered Evidence. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 37 (11): 2098-2109.
Kunda, Ziva.  1990. The Case for Motivated Reasoning.  Psychological Bulletin 108(3): 480-98.
Ditto, Peter H. and David F. Lopez.  1992.  Motivated Skepticism: Use of Differential Decision Criteria for Preferred and Nonpreferred Conclusions.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 63 (4):  568-84.
Edwards, Kari, and Edward E. Smith. 1996. A Disconfirmation Bias in the Evaluation of Arguments. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 71 (1):  5-24.
Schumann, David W., Richard E. Petty, and D. Scott Clemons. 1990. Predicting the Effectiveness of Different Strategies of Advertising Variation: A Test of the Repetition-Variation Hypotheses.  Journal of Consumer Research 17: 192-202.

Week 5.  Feb 10
Motivating reasoning and political opinions. Questions.

Kuklinski, James H., Paul J. Quirk, Jennifer Jerit, David Schweider, and Robert F. Rich.  2000. Misinformation and the Currency of Democratic Citizenship. Journal of Politics 62 (3): 790-816.
Redlawsk, David P. 2002. Hot Cognition or Cool Consideration? Testing the Effects of Motivated Reasoning on Political Decision Making. Journal of Politics 64, 4: 1021- 1044.
Taber, Charles S. and Milton Lodge.   2006.  Motivated Skepticism in the Evaluation of Political Beliefs. American Journal of Political Science 50 (3): 755-69.
Gaines, Brian J., James H. Kuklinski, Paul J. Quirk, Buddy Peyton and Jay Verkuilen.  2007. Interpreting Iraq:  Partisanship and the Meaning of Facts. Journal of Politics 69 (4): 957-74.
Peffley, Mark and Jon Hurwitz. 2007.  Persuasion and Resistance: Race and the Death Penalty in America. American Journal of Political Science 51(4): 996-1012.
Nyhan, Brendan and Jason Reifler.  2010.  When Corrections Fail: The Persistence of Political Misperceptions.  Political Behavior 32: 303–30.

Week 6. Feb 17
Source credibility and competitive reframing. Questions.

Chaiken, Shelly.  1979. Communicator Physical Attractiveness and Persuasion. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 37, 8: 1387-97.
Chaiken, Shelly.  1980. Heuristic Versus Systematic Information Processing and the Use of Source Versus Message Cues in Persuasion. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 39, 5:  752-66.
Druckman, James N.  2001.  On the Limits of Framing Effects: Who Can Frame?  Journal of Politics 63, 4 (November): 1041–66.
Riker, William H.  1986. The Art of Political Manipulation. New Haven: Yale University Press, ch. 10, Warren Magnuson and Nerve Gas.
Druckman, James N., and Kjersten R. Nelson.  2003.  Framing and Deliberation: How Citizens’ Conversations Limit Elite Influence.  American Journal of Political Science 47, 4 (October): 729–45.
Slothuus, Rune, and Claes H. de Vreese.  2010.  Political Parties, Motivated Reasoning, and Issue-Framing Effects.  Journal of Politics 72, 3: 630–45.
Chong, Dennis and James N. Druckman.  2007. Framing Public Opinion in Competitive Democracies. American Political Science Review 101, 4: 637-55.
Baumgartner, Frank R., Jeffrey M. Berry, Marie Hojnacki, David C. Kimball, and Beth L. Leech. 2009.  Lobbying and Policy Change:  Who Wins, Who Loses, and Why. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, chapter 9, Washington: The Real No-Spin Zone, pp. 166-89. part 1 and part 2 (PDF is too bid otherwise; make sure you get both parts)
Druckman, James N. and Dennis Chong.   2013.  Counter-Framing Effects. Journal of Politics 75: 1–16.
Clifford, Scott, and Jennifer Jerit.  2013. How Words Do the Work of Politics: Moral Foundations Theory and the Debate over Stem Cell Research.  Journal of Politics 75, 3: 659-71.

Week 7.  Feb 24
Media effects and public opinion studies. Questions.

McCombs, Maxwell and Donald Shaw.  1972. The Agenda-Setting Function of Mass Media. Public Opinion Quarterly 36, 2 (Summer): 176–87.
Nelson, Thomas E., Rosalee A. Clawson, and Zoe M. Oxley.  1997.  Media Framing of a Civil Liberties Conflict and Its Effect on Tolerance.  American Political Science Review 91, 3 (Sept.): 567–583.
Tormala, Zakary L., and Richard E. Petty. 2001. On-Line Versus Memory-Based Processing. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 27, 12: 1599-1612.
Conover, Pamela Johnston and Stanley Feldman.  1984.  How People Organize the Political World: A Schematic Model.  American Journal of Political Science 28 (1): 95-126.
Druckman, James N., Lawrence R. Jacobs, and Eric Ostermeier.  2004.  Candidate Strategies to Prime Issues and Image.  Journal of Politics 66 (4):  1180-1202.
Bizer, George Y., Zakary L. Tormala, Derek D. Rucker, and Richard E. Petty. 2006. Memory-Based Versus On-Line Processing: Implications for Attitude Strength. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 42: 646-653.
Berinsky, Adam J., and Donald R. Kinder.  2006.  Making Sense of Issues through Media Frames: Understanding the Kosovo Crisis.  Journal of Politics 68, 3 (August):  640–56.

Note:  Annotated bibliography due.  This means you should have identified the key source material you are planning to use.  You don’t have to have read it all yet but you should have identified the likely suspects.  A longer bibliography is better than a short one.  No need for extensive annotations, but rather just a list of readings organized by the topics that you plan to cover.

Week 8.  Mar 3
Race and framing. Questions.

Williams, Melissa J., and Jennifer L. Eberhardt.  2008. Biological Conceptions of Race and the Motivation to Cross Racial Boundaries. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 94, 6: 1033–1047.
Eberhardt, Jennifer L., Phillip Atiba Goff, Valerie J. Purdie, and Paul G. Davies.  2004. Seeing Black: Race, Crime, and Visual Processing.   Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 87, 6: 876–93.
Bonilla-Silva, Eduardo, Amanda Lewis, and David G. Embrick.  2004. I Did Not Get That Job Because of a Black Man...: The Story Lines and Testimonies of Color-Blind Racism. Sociological Forum 19, 4 (December): 555-81.
Hetey, Rebecca C., and Jennifer L. Eberhardt.  2014.  Racial Disparities in Incarceration Increase Acceptance of Punitive Policies. Psychological Science 25, 10 (October): 1949-54.
Rattan A, Levine CS, Dweck CS, Eberhardt JL. 2012.  Race and the Fragility of the Legal Distinction between Juveniles and Adults. PLoS ONE 7, 5: e36680.
Eberhardt, Jennifer L., Paul G. Davies, Valerie J. Purdie-Vaughns, and Sheri Lynn Johnson.  2005/06. Looking Deathworthy: Perceived Stereotypicality of Black Defendants Predicts Capital-Sentencing Outcomes. Psychological Science 17, 5: 383-6.
Eberhardt, Jennifer L., Nilanjana Dasgupta, and Tracy L. Banaszynski.  2003.  Believing is Seeing: The Effects of Racial Labels and Implicit Beliefs on Face Perception. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 29, 3 (March): 360-70.
Gilliam, Franklin D., Jr., and Shanto Iyengar.  2000.  Prime Suspects:  The Influence of Local Television News on the Viewing Public.  American Journal of Political Science 44, 3 (July): 560–573.

March 10, spring break, no class

Week 9.  Mar 17
Framing as attention-shifting. Questions.

Jones, Bryan D.  1994. Reconceiving Decision-Making in Democratic Politics: Attention, Choice, and Public Policy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Week 10.  Mar 24
The policy effects of framing. Questions.

Baumgartner, Frank R., and Bryan D. Jones.  1991. Agenda Dynamics and Policy Subsystems. Journal of Politics 53 (November): 1044–74.
Baumgartner, Frank R., Suzanna L. De Boef and Amber E. Boydstun.  2008.  The Decline of the Death Penalty and the Discovery of Innocence.  New York: Cambridge University Press.
Rose, Max, and Frank R. Baumgartner.  2013. Framing the Poor:  Media Coverage and US Poverty Policy, 1960–2008.  Policy Studies Journal, 41, 1: 22–53.

Week 11. Mar 31
Week of progress on your paper, no class

Week 12.  Apr 7
Framing inequality. Questions.

McCall, Leslie.  2013. The Undeserving Rich:  American Beliefs about Inequality, Opportunity, and Redistribution.  New York: Cambridge University Press.
Scheve, Kenneth, and David Stasavage.  2012.  Democracy, War, and Wealth: Lessons from Two Centuries of Inheritance Taxation.  American Political Science Review 106, 1 (February): 81-102.

Note:  Detailed outline of paper due.  This should include a full structure, planned cites, methods, etc.  The text need not be written but the structure should be complete, in outline form.  You’ll be surprised how easy it is to complete the paper if you have a complete outline in the proper order.

Week 13.  Apr 14
Policy change by a single professional entrepreneur based on very little data. Questions.

Armstrong, Elizabeth M.  2003.  Conceiving Risk, Bearing Responsibility: Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and the Diagnosis of Moral Disorder.  Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
Jones, Kenneth L., David W. Smith, Christy N. Ulleland, and Ann Pytkowicz Streissguth.  1973.  Pattern of Malformation in Offspring of Chronic Alcoholic Mothers.  The Lancet 1, 7815 (9 June):  1267–71.

Week 14.  Apr 21, last class
Policy change that makes no sense: The worldwide craze for abolition of alcohol sales. Questions.

Schrad, Mark Lawrence.  2010.  The Political Power of Bad Ideas:  Networks, Institutions, and the Global Prohibition Wave.  New York: Oxford University Press.

Term papers due