POLI 891
Mondays, 7:00-9:30pm, Hamilton 357, Spring 2010

Prof. Frank R. Baumgartner
313 Hamilton Hall, phone 962-0414
Web site: http://www.unc.edu/~fbaum/

Office hours: M, T, 4-5pm and by appointment

Click here for the syllabus

Click here for the weekly reading / paper assignments: week 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14

Readings are below [Note: I'll keep several weeks ahead on these readings and by the end of the semester all will be there.]

Week 1, Jan 11. Introductions and discussion, no readings.

Jan 18, no class, happy MLK's birthday!

Week 2, Jan 25. Classics and basic background.

1. Bachrach, Peter and Morton Baratz. 1962. The Two Faces of Power. American Political Science Review 56: 947-52.
2. Downs, Anthony. 1972. Up and Down with Ecology: The Issue Attention Cycle. Public Interest 28: 38-50.
3. Cobb, Roger W., Jeannie Keith-Ross, and Marc Howard Ross. 1976. Agenda Building as a Comparative Political Process. American Political Science Review 70: 126-38.
4. Walker, Jack L., Jr. 1977. Setting the Agenda in the U.S. Senate: A Theory of Problem Selection. British Journal of Political Science 7: 423-45.
5. Baumgartner, Frank R. 2001. Political Agendas. In Niel J. Smelser and Paul B. Baltes, eds. International Encyclopedia of Social and Behavioral Sciences: Political Science. New York: Elsevier Science and Oxford: Pergamon, pp. 288-90.

Week 3, Feb 1. Kingdon, Ambiguity, and Multiple Streams Models

1. Kingdon, John W. 1995. Agendas, Alternatives, and Public Policies. 2d. ed. New York: HarperCollins. (earlier 1984 edition also ok)
2. Cohen, Michael, James G. March, and Johan P. Olsen. 1972. A Garbage Can Theory of Organizational Choice. Administrative Science Quarterly 17: 1-25.

Week 4, Feb 8. Punctuated Equilibrium

Note special guest Bryan Jones, class to be rescheduled for Thursday afternoon or Friday to accommodate his travel and APRG talk on Friday Feb 12

1. Baumgartner, Frank R., and Bryan D. Jones. 2009 [1993]. Agendas and Instability in American Politics. 2nd ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
2. Eldredge, Niles, and Stephen J. Gould. 1985 [1972]. Punctuated Equilibria: An Alternative to Phyletic Gradualism. In Niles Eldredge, Time Frames: The Evolution of Punctuated Equilibrium. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, Appendix, pp. 193-223. [Originally published in Thomas J. M. Schopf, ed., Models in Paleobiology. San Francisco: Freeman, Cooper, pp. 82-115]

Review articles that you might find useful:
3. True, James L., Bryan D. Jones, and Frank R. Baumgartner. 2006. Punctuated Equilibrium Theory: Explaining Stability and Change in American Policymaking. In Paul Sabatier, ed., Theories of the Policy Process 2nd ed. Boulder: Westview Press. Forthcoming.
4. Robinson, Scott E. 2006. Punctuated Equilibrium Models in Organizational Decision Making. In Handbook on Human Decision-Making. Ed. Goktug Morcol. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, pp. 133-149.

Week 5, Feb 15. Developing a Model of Choice

Note: One-page memo due describing your term paper topic in conceptual terms and a general idea of the empirical / theoretical approach.

1. Jones, Bryan D. 2001. Politics and the Architecture of Choice. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
2. Simon, Herbert A. 1985. Human Nature in Politics: The Dialogue of Psychology with Political Science. American Political Science Review 79: 293-304.

Week 6, Feb 22. Threshold Models, Increasing Returns, Positive Feedback

1. Granovetter, Mark. 1978. Threshold Models of Collective Behavior. American Journal of Sociology 83: 1420-43.
2. David, Paul A. 1985. Clio and the Economics of QWERTY. American Economic Review 75: 332-37.
3. Arthur, W. Brian. 1989. Competing Technologies, Increasing Returns, and Lock-in by Historical Events. Economic Journal 99 (394): 116-131.
4. Bikhchandani, Sushil, David Hirshleifer, and Ivo Welch. 1992. A Theory of Fads, Fashion, Custom, and Cultural Change as Informational Cascades. Journal of Political Economy 100: 992-1026.
5. Lohmann, Susanne. 1994. The Dynamics of Informational Cascades: The Monday Demonstrations in Leipzig, East Germany, 1989-1991. World Politics 47: 42-101.
6. Pierson, Paul. 2000. Path Dependence, Increasing Returns, and the Study of Politics. American Political Science Review 94: 251-67.

Week 7, Mar 1. Power Laws

1. Barabasi, Albert-Laszlo. 2005. Linked. New York: Penguin.
2. Merton, Robert K. 1968. The Matthew Effect in Science. Science 159: 56-63.

Applications: Read at least one of the following, focusing on the empirical findings:

3. Mandelbrot, Benoit B. 1967. The Variation of Some Other Speculative Prices. Journal of Business 40, 4 (October): 393-413.
4. Adler, Moshe. 1985. Stardom and Talent. American Economic Review 75, 1 (March): 208-212.
5. Chung, Kee H., and Raymond A. K. Cox. 1994. A Stochastic Model of Superstardom: An Application of the Yule Distribution. Review of Economics and Statistics 76, 4 (November): 771-775.
6. Gabaix. Xavier. 1999. Zipf's Law and the Growth of Cities. American Economic Review 89, 2 (May): 129-132.
7. Roberts, D. C., and D. L. Turcotte. 1998. Fracticality and the Self-Organized Criticality of Wars. Fractals 6 (4): 351-357.
8. Farber, Daniel A. 2002. Earthquakes and Tremors in Statutory Interpretation: An Empirical Study of the Dynamics of Interpretation. Issues in Legal Scholarship. Berkeley, CA: Berkeley Electronic Press.

Neat computer program to be familiar with:

9. http://ccl.northwestern.edu/netlogo/ (Netlogo), and in particular the application that allows you to model Barabasi's preferential attachment model of web linkages. Do this model yourself one click at a time, then let it run automatically for a few thousand iterations and see what the results look like. Feel free to play with the other simulation tools there as well. (http://ccl.northwestern.edu/netlogo/models/PreferentialAttachment) Or, if you are interested in the Roberts and Turcotte article above which refers to the "forest fire" model, try that one here: http://ccl.northwestern.edu/netlogo/models/Fire.

Week 8, Mar 15. Attention and the Distributional Approach

1. Jones, Bryan D., and Frank R. Baumgartner. 2005. The Politics of Attention: How Government Prioritizes Problems. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Week 9, Mar 22. Applications.

1. Repetto, Robert, ed. 2006. Punctuated Equilibrium Models and Environmental Policy. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Week 10, Mar 29. Heresthetics: Can People Control Agenda-Setting?

1. Riker, William H. 1986. The Art of Political Manipulation. New Haven: Yale University Press.
2. Riker, William H. 1984. The Heresthetics of Constitution-Making: The Presidency in 1787, with Comments on Determinism and Rational Choice. American Political Science Review 78 (1): 1-16.

Week 11, Apr 5. Venue-Shopping: Can Actors Shop Freely?

1. Pralle, Sarah. 2006. Branching Out and Digging In: Environmental Advocacy and Agenda Setting. Washington DC: Georgetown University Press.
2. Guiraudon, Virginie. 2000. European Integration and Migration Policy: Vertical Policy-Making as Venue Shopping. Journal of Common Market Studies 38 (2): 251-71.

Week 12, Apr 12. Comparative Studies I

1. Soroka, Stuart. 2002. Agenda-Setting Dynamics in Canada. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press.
2. Green-Pedersen, Christoffer and Peter B. Mortensen. 2009. Who Sets the Agenda and Who Responds to it in the Danish Parliament? A New Model of Issue Competition and Agenda-Setting. European Journal of Political Research forthcoming.
3. Green-Pedersen, Christoffer and Michelle Wolfe. 2010. The Institutionalization of Attention in the US and Denmark: Multiple vs. Single Venue Systems and the Case of the Environment. Governance forthcoming.

Week 13, Apr 19. Comparative Studies II

1. Jones, Bryan D., Frank R. Baumgartner, Christian Breunig, Christopher Wlezien, Stuart Soroka, Martial Foucault, Abel François, Christoffer Green-Pedersen, Peter John, Chris Koski, Peter B. Mortensen, Frédéric Varone, and Stefaan Walgrave. 2009. A General Empirical Law for Public Budgets: A Comparative Analysis. American Journal of Political Science 53, 4 (October): 855-73.
2. Baumgartner, Frank R., Christian Breunig, Christoffer Green-Pedersen, Bryan D. Jones, Peter B. Mortensen, Michiel Neytemans, and Stefaan Walgrave. 2009. Punctuated Equilibrium in Comparative Perspective. American Journal of Political Science 53, 3 (July): 602-19.
3. Baumgartner, Frank R., Emiliano Grossman, and Sylvain Brouard. 2009. Agenda-setting Dynamics in France: Revisiting the "Partisan Hypothesis." French Politics, 7, 2: 57-95.
4. Baumgartner, Frank R., Martial Foucault, and Abel François. 2009. Public Budgeting in the French Fifth Republic: The End of La République des partis? West European Politics 32, 2: 401-19.
5. John, Peter, and Will Jennings. 2010. Punctuations and Turning Points in British Politics: The Policy Agenda of the Queen's Speech, 1940-2005. British Journal of Political Science forthcoming.

Week 14, Apr 26 (final class meeting). Social Protest Studies

1. McAdam, Doug, and Yang Su. 2002. The War at Home: Antiwar Protests and Congressional Voting, 1965 to 1973. American Sociological Review 67, 5 (October): 696-721.
2. King, BG, Bentele, KG and Soule, SA. 2007. Protest and Policy Making: Explaining Fluctuation in Congressional Attention to Rights Issues: 1960-1986. Social Forces 86:137-163.
3. Burstein, Paul, and April Linton. 2002. The Impact of Political Parties, Interest Groups, and Social Movement Organizations on Public Policy: Some Recent Evidence and Theoretical Concerns. Social Forces 82, 2 (December): 381-408.